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Transmissible diseases from pets to children are grouped under the name of zoonoses. These can be easily avoided by performing personal hygiene, regular prophylactic treatments applied to the animal and periodic laboratory tests.

Dogs and cats are carriers of internal parasites such as Toxoplasma gondii (Toxoplasmosis - disease), roundworms (Ascaris lumbricoides), tapeworms (Dipylidium caninum) etc. which are transmitted to humans through regular cleaning cat litter neglect, lack of hygiene of the house or unwashed hands and forgetting to periodic deworm of the animal.

Diseases caused by external parasites such as fleas, ticks, mange, lice are transmitted through direct contact with the animal. The germs carried by animals (bacteria) can generate the child, but also in adults, intestinal infections, respiratory, eyes or skin. The most common bacteriosis are chlamydia, streptococci, staphylococci, H. pylori and Campylobacter.

Parasitosis diagnosis can be established using fecal examination when adult parasites, fragments thereof (proglottids), their eggs or cysts in the stool are eliminated spontaneously. To exclude a child parasites are required at least 3 consecutive negative stool exams, every 5-7 days. When suspicion of parasitosis treated and especially repetitive treated without having laboratory confirmation (antiparasitic pills unjustified management practiced by mothers 'hiperprotectors') can harm child health worse than it would damage the parasite itself.

However, pets make children laugh, they have a partner to play fairly, help your child be more responsible, develop a stronger immune system and be less prone to allergies.